What is this essential Right Action ?
The Noble Eightfold Way, leading to Nibbāna, is simply this:
Right View, Right Motivation, Right Speech, Right Action, Right
Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Awareness, & Right Concentration.
But what is Right Action ?
The 3-fold Definition of Right Action:
Avoiding all Killing and Injuring of any living Being...
Abstaining from Taking & Stealing what is not Given...
Stopping all Misuse of any Sensual Pleasures ...
That is Right Action!
The Characterization of Right Action:
Friends, it is caused by behaviour in conflict with the Dhamma,
by reason of immoral behaviour, that some beings here, right at
the breakup of the body, after death, reappear lost in states of
pain, in unhappy destinations, in the downfall, even in the hells...
It is caused by behaviour in harmony with the Dhamma, by reason
of moral behaviour, that some beings here, on the breakup of the
body, after death, reappear in a happy destination, even in the
heavenly worlds!!! And which, friends, are the 3 kinds of bodily
moral behaviour in harmony with the Dhamma?
Here someone, stop any killing of living beings, abstains from
injuring living beings; with rod and weapon laid aside, gentle
and kind, such one dwells sympathetic towards all living beings.
Avoiding the taking of what is not given, such one refrains from
stealing, what is not given; such one does not take by way of
theft the wealth and property of others, neither in the village
nor in the forest. Abandoning abuse in sensual pleasures, such
one gives up misuse in sensual pleasures; such one does not have
intercourse with partners, who are protected by their mother, or
father, or mother and father, or brother, or sister, or relatives,
who is married, who are protected by law, or who are engaged
to other side. That is how there are three kinds of bodily moral
behaviour in harmony with the Dhamma... Such is Right Action!
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